The index of coincidence provides a measure of how likely it is to draw two matching letters by randomly selecting two letters from a given text.

* With a random piece of text, with each letter having the same chance of appearing, there is a 1/26 = 0.0385 chance of appearing.*

* (Note: using english alphabet with 26 letters).*

The index of coincidence is defined as:

\(\mathbf{IC} = \frac{\displaystyle\sum_{i=A}^{i=Z}f_i(f_i -1)}{N(N-1)}\)

Where f_{i} is the count of letter i (where i = A,B,...,Z) in the text, and N is the total number of letters in the text.

For testing, the index of coincidence of the text "HEREISANEXAMPLETEXT" is \(0.076\) (3 d.p.)

What is the index of coincidence, to 4 decimal places, of the text: "ECPTWNTTGFMGHIKGWWCNJPWRJUIJVVDQRNDPOUIVYHVWQKCHPTHLJKWXCZOCKHIGZOMIYCVHRSNZDTDUIFCRVWQKRLTOWHVNYPIIHVGMJNHV"